On `the 10-Year Rule’ and Creativity
It takes an average of 10 years, before you can do anything masterfully-creative in any specific domain:
`Creative achievement presumes that the creator acquires the knowledge and skills necessary to produce world-class work in the chosen domain of achievement. Typically it takes about a full decade of deliberate practice and learning before reaching the point that you can start producing masterworks. This is the so-called “10-year rule.”’ (Simonton 2011: 119)
(See also: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Ten-year_rule.html for more, and see also Genius Explained, Howe 1999: p5)
And this `10-year rule’ correlates with:
“Internalising the Domain”
Csikszentmihalyi finds that in order to produce a work that will be judged creative by the field, a person must learn the rules of the domain, and practice their art/craft, a process which can take ten years on average. (M. Csikszentmihalyi 1996: 47), (Csikszentmihalyi 2004: 10-11 mins).
(See the 10 to 11 mins mark of this TED talk for “the ten-year rule”)
This concept partially correlates (overlaps) with Bourdieu’s notion of habitus, or acquiring “a feel for the game”, noting that habitus is also acquired over an entire lifetime; where internalising the creative domain forms part of, and informs, an individual’s habitus.
What the heck is a habitus?
Habitus – `a feel for the game’, a `practical sense’ that is gained through experience (Bourdieu and Johnson 1993: 5).
a ‘practical sense’ [sens practique] that inclines agents to act and react in specific situations in a manner that is not always calculated and that is not simply a question of conscious obedience to rules. Rather it is a set of dispositions which generates practices and perceptions.
(Bourdieu and Johnson, 1993: 5).
Successful filmmakers (for example, creators of extremely profitable, or award-winning films) could be seen to have developed an effective habitus, which enabled them to create such films.
Notably, the constraints and possibilities of the `game’ of filmmaking are not presented as rules, but as `possible winning strategies’. (Bourdieu and Johnson 1993: 184)
10 years’ worth of Screenwriting Manuals
So, in 1995 and 1996, I studied Screenwriting at the AFTRS. I read over 100 books on Story, and Screenwriting. I summarized them into 1 page each. You can download the free Screenwriting Textbook (PDF) here:
But – given “the 10-year rule”: a writer then needs to spend an average of 10 years, writing a screenplay a year, before they will have mastered that domain (film screenwriting). Likewise, 10 years, making films, before you can make a masterful film.
…Thoughts/ Comments / Feedback…?
High-RoI Story/Screenplay/Movie and Transmedia Researcher
The above is (mostly) an adapted excerpt, from my doctoral thesis: “Communication, Creativity and Consilience in Cinema”. It is presented here for the benefit of fellow screenwriting, filmmaking and creativity researchers. For more, see https://aftrs.academia.edu/JTVelikovsky
JT Velikovsky is also a produced feature film screenwriter and million-selling transmedia writer-director-producer. He has been a professional story analyst for major film studios, film funding organizations, and for the national writer’s guild. For more see: http://on-writering.blogspot.com/
Bourdieu, Pierre and Johnson, Randal (ed.) (1993), The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature (New York: Columbia University Press).
Howe, M. (1999), Genius Explained, Cambridge: University Press.
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi on `flow’ at TED in 2004 (TED Conferences LLC, 2004), Csikszentmihalyi (dir.).
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (1996), Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention (1st edn.; New York: HarperCollins) viii, 456 p.
Simonton, Dean Keith (2011), Great Flicks: Scientific Studies of Cinematic Creativity and Aesthetics (New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press).
And – an excerpt (on tacit knowledge) from Dr Susan Kerrigan’s 2011 PhD thesis:
Kerrigan, S (2011), ‘Creative Documentary Practice: Internalising the Systems Model of Creativity through documentary video and online practice‘, PhD thesis, The University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
`Tacit Knowledge provides a rational explanation of the process of skill and knowledge embodiment and our inability to articulate our own understandings of what we have learnt to do during practice. As Polanyi argues ‘[t]here are things that we know but cannot tell.This is strikingly true for our knowledge of skills’ (1962: 601). Polanyi extends this idea by stipulating that there are two types of Tacit Knowing, the practical and the intellectual which ‘are always found combined to some extent and are sometimes found combined equally’ (Polanyi, 1962: 604). The notion of the Reflective Practitioner as exemplified by Donald Schön (1987), draw on the concept of tacit knowledge by pointing out that the practitioner knows what to do because the ‘knowing is in the action’ (Schön, 1987: 25,original emphasis). An individual’s ability to observe how they embody and reproduce these skills and knowledges is described as reflection-in-action (Schön, 1987: 26).Practitioners reflect in action during action, and doing so enables them to remain immersed in the moment while also adjusting what they are doing in order to improve their performance. After the moment of action has passed, the practitioner reflects-on-action.By looking back over the outcomes of practice the practitioner can learn from their experiences through analysis and summation. Schön’s reflective practice moments are essential to practitioner led research because they are based on the researcher’s ability to identify transferrable skills and formulate generalisations or theories from experiences,which may be transferred and/or may shape future actions (Schön, 1987: 31). Following Schön’s work, researcher John Cowan coined the term reflection-for-action (1998: 37) to describe the anticipatory reflection which a practitioner engages in when preparing for action. It is argued here that this reflective cycle comprised of reflection-in-action,reflection-on-action and reflection-for-action, can be effectively used if employed during the learning of practical skills.’
Dr Susan Kerrigan’s thesis is online here.